Tongue-Ties

Scotts Valley and Santa Cruz, CA

What is ankyloglossia?

Also referred to as a tongue-tie, ankyloglossia occurs when the frenum, the thin string of tissue located on the underside of the tongue, restricts the tongue’s movement. You will also find frenum tissue along the inside of your cheeks and lips where they attach to your gums.

What is the problem with a tongue-tie?

The problem is that the tongue is designed to move freely in a gentle rolling-like motion. When the mouth is at rest, it should be closed, lips together, with the tongue resting along the palate and the tip of the tongue gently resting behind the upper front teeth. When eating, the tip of the tongue should stay in its resting place, while the rest of the tongue should move in a wave-like pattern to gently push food to the back of the throat to swallow.

If the tongue is not able to move and rest in this way, it can affect one’s oral health and overall health. This is especially true for children as it can interfere with their facial growth and development, even changing their facial appearance.

What are the symptoms of a tongue-tie?

The symptoms of a tongue-tie may vary, and some or all symptoms may be present in a patient.

Infants:

  • Trouble breastfeeding
  • Improper latch to mother’s breast
  • Gumming of the mother’s nipple
  • Clicking noises while breastfeeding
  • Unable to drain mother’s breast during feedings
  • Colic
  • Excessive drooling
  • Gassy
  • Low weight gain
  • Failure to thrive

Mother’s of infants with a tongue-tie may experience symptoms as well including:

  • Sore or cracked nipples
  • Mastitis
  • Plugged ducts
  • Discomfort while nursing
  • Compromised milk supply
  • Lack of sleep (due to frequent feedings)

Toddlers/Children:

  • Snoring
  • Chewing on the mouth
  • Skeletal changes
  • Mouth breathing
  • Speech impairments
  • Difficulty chewing foods
  • Behavioral issues
  • Lack of self-confidence

For children that do not have their tongue-tie released, these symptoms may linger into adulthood and become exacerbated.

Symptoms of tongue-tie in adults may include:

  • Mouth breathing
  • Speech impairments
  • Snoring
  • Sleep apnea
  • Elongated facial appearance
  • Open bite
  • Pain in jaw
  • Clicking sounds in jaw
  • Eating difficulties
  • Increased risk of dental problems (cavities, gum disease)
  • Low self-esteem

How is ankyloglossia treated?

Treating a tongue-tie is relatively simple and is done so by releasing the restriction, known as a frenulotomy or frenectomy.  A frenectomy can be done by making a small incision in the soft tissue of the frenum with either a scalpel or a laser. Often, anesthetic is not necessary for children under the age of one. The procedure itself takes only minutes. The patient is provided both pre-operative and post-operative care instructions, which often requires myofunctional therapy – a series of painless exercises that retrain the muscles of the tongue, mouth, and face to function and rest properly.

If you believe that you or a loved one has ankyloglossia, call Ebrahimian Integrative Dentistry today (831) 438-4411 to schedule a consultation.

Ebrahimian Integrative Dentistry provides total oral health care for patients located in the California communities of Los Gatos, Santa Cruz, and Scotts Valley.